Themes: The founders and inspiring spirits of the TGP
David Alfaro Siqueiros was born in Chihuahua, Mexico. His maternal grandfather was a politician and a poet who fought with the Juarez army against the Hapsburg’s Imperial Rule. Siqueiros initiated his art studies at the San Carlos Academy. In 1913 he abandoned his studies which were interrupted by the revolt of Victoriano Huerta against President Madero, and became a journalist working at the newspaper “La Vanguardia”. He joined the Constitutionalist Army, participating in many battles. Siqueiros became staff to General Diegues who was the Commander of West Forces of the Mexican Army.
After the revolution he was sent to Europe to continue his art studies by express instructions from the first Head Revolutionary , Venustiano Carranza.
Siqueiros visited Spain, France, Belgium and Italy. There he became a friend of Diego Rivera. While in Barcelona, Spain, he was published in the magazine Vida Americana in 1921. It was in a revolutionary art article where he presented his “Three orientation calls to the new generation of Artist Painters and Sculptors of America”. This theory became very important to the development of the monumental Mexican Art and was a a novel approach to the arts in the post-Dadaism, movement developed between Cubism (1914) and the advent of Surrealism in (1915).
Siqueiros returned to Mexico together with other Mexican artists studying in Europe, such as Orozco, Rivera, Leal, Revueltas. He founded a Union called “Syndicate of Revolutionary Painters Sculptors and Printers of Mexico”. Together with Rivera he founded a newspaper “El Machete”, which found great acceptance in Mexico resulting in massive publications. In 1932, he traveled to the USA and studied art at Chouinard School. From that moment Siqueiros initiated a career that ends only with his death.
In 1936 he found a Workshop he called “Siqueiros’ Experimental Environments for the Plastic Materials”. There, Jackson Pollock would research plastics and be given his initiation of the “Abstract Expressionism” or “Action Painting”.
Siqueiros did not joint the TGP, however, his more important lithograph productions were printed at TGP. It is unmistake, that the orgins of printing of modern Mexican art goes hand in hand, directly or indirectly with the Taller de Grafica Popular.